Ukraine in the World





Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe.



It borders Russia to the north, Belarus to the east, Poland to the south, Hungary to the west, and Romania to the southwest.




The capital city is Kiev.








Ukraine in the World





1.Ukraine is a country located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Its territory covers 919 thousand square kilometers, ranking third among the European countries. Ukraine’s population exceeds 50 million people. In addition to Ukrainian, English, Russian, Polish, Hungarian, Belorussian, Jewish, German, and other languages, the native tongue of the inhabitants of Ukraine includes Greek, Latin, and other ancient languages.





2. Ukraine was first mentioned in written history about 5500 years ago. The territory of modern-day Ukraine has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The oldest settlements were discovered near the Dnieper River. The territory of Ukraine has always been a crossroad between East and West.





3. Ukraine gained independence after World War I. On August 24, 1991, the Verkhovna Rada adopted a declaration of sovereignty. Since then, Ukraine has been developing its own independent statehood.




4. Ukraine is a republic and a unitary semi-presidential constitutional democracy. The capital city of Ukraine is Kiev.




5. Ukraine is a member of the United Nations (UN), the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Council of Europe, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and many other international organizations.





6. Ukraine is a developed market economy with a high level of human development. According to the UN Development Programme (UNDP), Ukraine ranks second in the world in terms of economic freedom.





7. Ukraine is a democratic country with a free press, multi-party system, and separation of powers.




8. Ukraine is a secular state where religious affiliation does not play a role in politics. However, religion is widely practiced in Ukraine. About 90% of Ukrainians belong to Eastern Orthodoxy. Other religions include Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, and others.





9. Ukraine is a landlocked country surrounded by Belarus, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Bulgaria, Turkey, Greece, and Italy.




10. Ukraine is a transit country for goods going to Western Europe. More than half of the trade turnover of Ukraine goes to EU countries.




11. Ukraine is a producer of oil, natural gas, coal, steel, aluminum, cement, foodstuffs, textiles, machinery, chemical products, and automobiles.




12. Ukraine is a leading exporter of wheat, corn, sunflower seeds, tobacco, sugar, fruit, vegetables, meat, milk, cheese, eggs, honey, fish, and seafood.




13. Ukraine is a member state of the WTO, the CIS, the OSCE, the GUAM group, the Black Sea Economic Area, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the World Health Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization, the World Tourism Organization, the World Meteorological Organization, the World Trade Organization, the World Customs Organization, the World Energy Organization, the World Food Program, the World Confederation of Labour, the World Federation of Exchanges, the World Games Association, the World Horticultural Congress, the World Land Trust, the World Tourism Organization and the United Nations.