Agriculture in Ukraine



Agriculture in Ukraine is based on traditional methods.


The main crops include wheat, barley, rye, oats, sunflower, rapeseed, potatoes, sugar beet, vegetables, fruits, nuts, oil seeds, milk products, meat, poultry, eggs, honey, fish, and mushrooms.






Ukraine is one of the world’s largest producers of wheat, corn, sunflower seeds, sugar beet, potatoes, and other crops. It also produces milk, meat, poultry, eggs, honey, and fish.









Agriculture in Ukraine





1. Ukraine’s agricultural sector is the largest in Europe, accounting for about 20% of GDP. Agriculture employs around 40% of the population,



and accounts for over 50% of exports.



However, agriculture remains underdeveloped, with only 1/3 of arable land being cultivated. In addition, Ukraine imports 70-80% of its food requirements.






2. Agricultural production is concentrated in the south and east of the country, where 80% of the total area is devoted to crops.



Wheat, corn, sunflower, sugar beet, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, and tobacco are among the major crops grown. Livestock farming is also widespread, especially cattle breeding.








3. Ukraine is the world’s second largest producer of wheat, after Canada.


Other significant crops include barley, rye, oats, rapeseed (canola), sunflowers, sugar beet, tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, apples, pears, plums, cherries, strawberries, raspberries, black currants, grapes, onions, garlic, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, celery, lettuce, peas, beans, lentils, and mushrooms.







4. Ukraine is the world leader in poultry meat production, producing nearly half of global chicken output.



Poultry farms are located mainly in the north and west of the country.






5. Ukraine is the world’s third largest exporter of milk products, after Russia and China.


Dairy farming is concentrated in the north and west, while beef production is centered in the south.






6. Ukraine is the world leading producer of honey, with almost 90% of the world’s supply coming from the Black Sea region.



Honey is produced primarily by bees feeding on nectar gathered from flowers and trees.








7. Ukraine is the world largest producer of pork, followed by Poland and Hungary.



Pork production is concentrated in the north-west and central regions of the country.







8. Ukraine is the world number three potato producer, behind Peru and Mexico.



Potato cultivation is concentrated in the north, west, and centre of the country.







9. Ukraine is the world fourth largest wine producer, following France, Italy, and Spain.



Wine production is concentrated in the west and south of the country.







10. Ukraine is the world fifth largest producer of soft drinks, after Brazil, Argentina, India, and China.



Soft drink production is concentrated in the western and southern parts of the country.










11. Ukraine is the world sixth largest producer of beer, after Germany, Belgium, Czech Republic, Austria, and Ireland.



Beer production is concentrated in the northern and western parts of the country.







12. Ukraine is the world seventh largest producer of spirits, after Japan, United States, Italy, South Korea, and Turkey.


Spirits production is concentrated in the eastern and southern parts of the county.







13. Ukraine is the world eighth largest producer of olive oil, after Greece, Italy, Spain, Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria. Olive oil production is concentrated in the southern and eastern parts of the country.



Ukraine is the world ninth largest producer of soybeans, after Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Soybean production is concentrated in the central and southern parts of the republic.








14. Ukraine is the world tenth largest producer of cotton, after Egypt, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, India, and China, and the world eleventh largest producer of flax, after Belarus, Kazakhstan, Romania, and Turkey. Cotton production is concentrated in the southwestern and southeastern parts of the country.




Flax production is concentrated in the northwestern and northeastern parts of the country.




The country is the twelfth largest producer of hemp, after China, Canada, Australia, and the USA. Hemp production is concentrated in the southwest and southeast of the country.